Equity Theory And Employee Motivation

In business, the Equity Theory of employee motivation describes the relationship between how fairly an employee perceives he is treated and how hard he is motivated to work. Peter Drucker, an author who specialized in economics, first proposed the link between Equity Theory and employee motivation.

The basic idea behind the Equity Theory is that workers, in an attempt to balance what they put in to their jobs and what they get from them, will unconsciously assign values ​​to each of his various contributions.

In addition to their time, workers contribute their experience, their qualifications, and their ability in addition to their personal strengths such as acumen and ambition. Money, of course, is the primary motivating outcome for an employee, but it is not the only, and in some cases not even the most important, factor. Power and status are also prime motivators, as are flexibility, perquisites and variety.

According to the Equity Theory, the most highly motivated employee is the one who perceives his rewards are equal to his contributions. If he feels that he is working and being rewarded at about the same rate as his peers, then he will judge that he is being treated fairly.

This does mean that every manager should treat every employee identically, because every worker does not measure his contributions in the same way. For example, flexible working hours might motivate a working mother even more than a pay raise. Conversely, though an across-the-board wage increase may delight most employees, the highest producers may become less motivated if they perceive that they are not being rewarded for their ambition. Research on Equity Theory and employee motivation has shown that, in general, over-rewarded employees will produce more and of a higher quality than will under-rewarded, less motivated employees.

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Four Reasons Why Motivation is Important

Everyone wants to be successful. But to be successful, there is an important thing you must have and that is motivation. Here are four reasons why motivation is important for success:

1. Motivation helps you get started.

Have you noticed the difference between working on something you like and working on something you don’t like? I’m sure you can feel the difference. When you’re motivated about something, you can work on it effortlessly. Nobody needs to force you to work. Nobody needs to tell you to move. In fact, you are waiting for the opportunity to work. Since getting started is perhaps the most difficult part of getting things done, being motivated is tremendously helpful for you.

2. Motivation helps you keep moving.

Getting started is one thing but keep moving is another thing. Whatever you do, there are always obstacles along the way that can hinder you from achieving success. If you don’t have motivation, it’s easy to get discouraged when you meet such obstacles. That’s why motivation often makes the difference between winners and losers. Winners are those who can go through challenges and difficulties thanks to their motivation. Losers, on the other hand, are those who can’t go through challenges and difficulties since they lack the necessary motivation.

3. Motivation makes you do more than necessary.

If you are motivated about something you will voluntarily do more about it than what is required from you. You will naturally go further and dig deeper than other people since you love to do it. While other people will only do what is necessary, you do more than that. In such situation, there is a good chance that you will be more successful than others.

4. Motivation makes the journey fun.

People who don’t have motivation will think that the journey to success is long and difficult. Those who are motivated look at it differently. The journey is still long, but it’s an enjoyable journey. Not only can they endure it, they actually have fun along the way. Of course, there are always times when things aren’t good, but motivation enables you to endure such difficult times.

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As you can see, motivation helps you in many different ways. It helps you get started, it helps you keep moving, it helps you do more than others, and it makes the journey fun. No wonder motivation plays an important role in your journey to success.

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Motivation Is Essential to a Happy Retirement

After forty years of working to earn a living, retirement seems to be a relief and many people approaching this time in their lives state that they will do precisely nothing. But these people who ensure that they are true to their word are the ones that are likely to suffer later in life. As time passes by, the less you do the less you want to do and it becomes more difficult to raise yourself from your armchair.

Not only will this mindset ensure that your retirement will be drastically cut short but quality of life will become non-existent. Regardless of how long you have been virtually housebound it takes a certain amount of positive thinking to get up and make improvements to your lifestyle. Motivation may be in short supply but that is the only thing that will make a difference.

Everything in society today is geared to encourage you to do much less and in doing so this is increasing the bank account profits of fast food outlets, supermarket delivery companies and the many online businesses from which anything can be purchased. As a result of this, a common response would be "why should I get out of my chair when I do not have to"? The answer to that is "for your own health and well-being"!

Assessing the benefits of regular movement and exercise can be the best form of motivation because when the aches and pains begin to take hold and they definitely will, remaining inactive will only make them worse. Just standing correctly over a period of time can reverse the damage that long periods of laziness can bring about.

One part of the body that suffers from inactivity is the back and back pain can become unbearable if not addressed in the proper manner. While remaining seated, posture becomes distorted and puts strain not only on the back but on a number of organs in the body and as a person puts on weight, organs become displaced and the heart has to work much harder to ensure its vital role continues.

Although all of the body's organs are important the heart is by far the one that has to be cared for the most and many people overlook this. Some are given a warning in the form of a heart attack when their heart is put under too much strain: for some this is a warning but to others a fatality.

There is only one answer and that is to get moving – take a regular walk or take up a gentle type of exercise such as yoga but the onus here is to start to become more active. The result will be an improvement in overall fitness and a vast improvement in quality of life.

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Don’t Let Someone Else’s Opinion Become Your Reality

I really hate labels. The kind that says someone can’t do or be something because they are too “young, old, dumb, smart, educated, uneducated, ugly, beautiful, rich, poor, liberal, conservative, introverted, outgoing, young, old, fat or thin.” The list is endless. Any of those things may be true about a person but just because they’re true, that doesn’t mean that’s all there is to the person or that they’re limited because of that truth. Other damaging labels are from those that tell a person what they “should” do or be.

A great example of this is motivational speaker and author Les Brown who, along with his twin brother, was born on the floor of an abandoned building in Liberty City, a low-income section of Miami, Florida. Three weeks later, their birth mother gave the baby boys away and at six weeks of age, they were adopted by Mamie Brown, a 38-year-old unmarried, uneducated cafeteria cook and domestic. Brown says that her importance to his life was immeasurable. “Everything I am and everything I have I owe to my mother. Her strength and character are my greatest inspiration, always have been and always will be.”

In high school Brown “used to fantasize being onstage speaking to thousands of people” and wrote “I am the world’s greatest orator” on pieces of paper. But it wasn’t until he met LeRoy Washington, a speech and drama instructor, that he learned that “there comes a time when you have to drop your burdens in order to fight for yourself and your dreams.” It was in Washington’s class that Brown learned how to use power of speech to motivate and stir people’s emotions. He also learned to never believe the limitations someone else placed on him.

As a child, a teacher had mislabeled Brown as a slow learner and educably mentally retarded because of his inattention to his school work and his restless energy. He continued to believe that label, suffering with the resulting low self-esteem, until one day in class when he told Washington he couldn’t perform a task because of it. Washington responded with, “Do Not Ever Say That Again! Someone’s opinion of you does not have to become your reality.” This truth opened his eyes and his mind to the possibilities and dreams he had for his life and he set about making them come true. “The limitations you have, and the negative things that you internalize are given to you by the world,” Brown says. “The things that empower you – the possibilities – come from within.”

Although Brown didn’t continue his formal education beyond high school, he believes in the unending self-education that he’s pursued with dogged persistence and determination. As a teenager, he kept after a radio station manager until he got a job doing janitorial work. One day he had the opportunity to fill in for an absent disk jockey and did so well he was given a part-time job as a DJ. Eventually, he became a full-time DJ, then station manager. He went from “community activist to community leader; from political commentator to three-term legislator; and from a banquet and nightclub emcee to premier keynote speaker.”

Like Les Brown, great achievers and record-breakers in all walks of life have accomplished what they have because they weren’t limited by labels someone else put on them. They haven’t let someone else’s opinion become their reality, instead believing in their own possibilities within. Just like they haven’t let someone else decide what those dreams and possibilities are.

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The Great Debaters – Winning and Motivation

As an aspiring public speaker, I love movies like The Great Debaters. They cause feelings of awe for the hardships that the characters have overcome in order to achieve their goals. In The Great Debaters, a local college debate team overcomes many challenges in order to reach the rank of #1 in the nation. Great Debaters covers many life issues, including aspects of personal development and the motivation of winning.

Henry Lowe (Nate Parker) is shown as a troublemaker, with poor life aspirations. But Melvin Tolson (Denzel Washington) sees into his soul, and realizes that Lowe has great value to contribute to his society. The obstacles facing Henry are a bad environment, and a lack of belief from others. By the end of the movie, he receives what he lacks, and goes on to live a great life. Samantha Booke (Jurnee Smollett) is a very strong character, but lacking in confidence. Upon being selected to the debate team, she is helped by Lowe to regain her confidence. Finally, James Farmer Jr. (Denzel Whitaker) is a 14 year old ‘genius’, but is slightly immature. Upon being selected to debate for Henry Lower, Jr. gains the confidence to be the best that he can be. James Farmer Jr. goes on to start a movement for the equality of blacks.

What gave the debate team the necessary motivation to overcome so many racial difficulties in order to win? This was the job of Tolson. He is strict, and is always concise in his teachings. Winning is most important was Tolson’s strong belief. But winning from a final perspective was more important than winning each and every time. When Tolson leaves the team for the final event, he knows that they are properly motivated to win. The actors do a great job of expressing how motivated the characters are, and how badly they wanted to win.

The Great Debaters is not just excellent for its inspiring messages, but for the production values. Acting, directing, and editing were all excellent. The message gets across to audiences nationwide; winning for others is important, but nothing can compare to winning for yourself.

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What Should an Adult Figure Skater Do to Recover Their Motivation and Passion?

In a previous article, I discussed what to do when you stop making improvement or just have one of those days when nothing seems to be working. So what should an adult figure skater do on a day like this? Remind yourself that bad days happen to everyone, young and old, regardless of level of skill.

Some days, it’s hard to get going for no real good reason other than I am feeling lazy, and sitting in the sun or on the sofa would be preferable. The hardest part is driving into the parking lot and asking yourself “what on earth are you doing here?” or “How are you going to survive the next two hours?” or “you’re cold, you have dishes to wash…” or “The car is so nice and warm; there’s a huge shopping mall half a mile away….”. Would milady like some cheese to go with that whine?

The first five minutes on the ice is the worst; I’m cold and uncoordinated. Somewhere in there, I transition away from stiff, cranky old lady to totally happy and comfortable old lady. The first five minutes seems to last two hours and the next 115 pass in five minutes!

So what should an adult figure skater do when this happens? Remind yourself it’s only five minutes!!

The same thing happens at competitions: “What are you doing here? It’s a Saturday! What if you crash and burn? You’re up against the kids (well, usually they are 16-18 years old); they will make fun of you.”

Remind yourself that as soon as you walk into the arena, the adrenaline will hit and brain and body will remember that they’ve got a job to do. Your family is off doing their Saturday activities and are looking after themselves quite nicely; don’t worry (my older child even sends me encouraging text messages now).

As for the “kids”, once they get past the initial shock of realizing that I’m not some skater’s Mom or coach, they are intrigued and enthusiastic. I’ve had some nice conversations with competitors in their early twenties who feel they are at the end of their competitive career through a combination of injuries, reduced training time, due to school or work, or having ceased to improve their skating skills.

Few of them ever realized that adult figure skating is growing and there will be many chances for them to continue in the sport for as long as they want to and that they can continue setting and achieving personal goals. Often, their coaches don’t even realize how many opportunities are out there in adult figure skating. This is essentially the reason for my website.

So what should an adult figure skater do in this situation? Get the message out! There is no need to give up on your passion just because you are past a certain age!!

Everything happens for a reason, the good days and the discouraging ones. Overall, the training is going well and the next competition is several weeks from now, so no need to panic (yet!). I have time; strictly speaking, I don’t have to “peak” until the Adult World Championships in May. Although at my age, I’d settle for an “upward trend.”

How do you get motivated on the blah days? What kinds of self talk do you use to get past the times of discouragement?

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Self Motivation In Times Of Imposed Change

There are two levels of self-motivation: firstly there is the day to day, "task level motivation" of achieving routine activities, and then there is the "big picture level motivation" that is required to get you through situations of significant changed change that have large and perhaps dramatic impacts on your life.

Our focus here is on the self-motivation that is needed to deal with the "big picture" stuff.

I am terrified that I will lose it all …

Your company is downsizing and you are worried that this might include you …

Your organization is restructuring, and you are facing major unwelcome changes in your working life …

You are experiencing severe financial pressure …

You run your own business and are owed a significant amount of money by a major customer or client – and you have just heard that they have gone bust …

You know what I am talking about – you may be experiencing this right now.

In all these types of stressful situations sustaining self-motivation can be extremely difficult. In my experience, the tendency is to attempt some form of action – to DO something – anything.

This is invariably accompanied with and followed by lots of thinking – the kind of thinking that we find hard to stop – the kind of thinking that keeps us awake at night – the kind of thinking that goes round and round in circles – the kind of thinking that starts to take over and dominate our minds.

Underneath all this thinking is a lot of emotion – invariably negative, anxious, fearful feelings – feelings of stress – feelings of overwhelm.

The compulsive need to "do" something

And then the urge, the need, the compulsion to "do something" arises again.

But actually there is not much if anything we can do – because there is so much uncertainty surrounding the whole situation, there are so many unknowns, and we have no way of figuring out how this thing is going to play itself out.

Then comes the painful realization that we are not in control – that unwelcome change is being imposed upon us.

As this realization sinks in it is usually accompanied by another round of frantic thinking accompanied by more urgent and insistent feelings of anxiety and insecurity.

How do we motivate ourselves when we do not know what to do?

Here are 4 key steps in to how allow our self-motivation to survive imposed change and for it to emerge renewed and transformed.

[1] Choosing our response to imposed change. It all comes down to these 3 simple choices:

– We can resist it, and increase our suffering

– We can adapt to it, and develop new responses

– We can accept it

[2] Dealing with our thoughts

The state and quality of your mind has a very large bearing on the quality of your experience of life, and very specifically on your capacity for managing personal change.

– We need to learn how to change the way we think so that we can maximise our capacity to think in the most constructive and positive way.

– We need to learn how to NOT think – that is to STOP thinking – and to be able to do so at will.

[3] Understanding the stages of the transition we are moving through

It is extremely helpful to realize the clearly defined stages that we will move through emotionally and psychologically as we adjust internally to the external change that is being imposed upon us.

– The letting go of "how things were" and "what was" – this really is all about practicing deep acceptance

– The neutral zone (aka "The Dark Night Of The Soul") – where nothing seems to make much sense and there is so much unknown and we just blindly feel our way forward as key internal psychological realignments take place within us – and we really need to accept the deep confusion and uncertainty that accompanies this

– The new horizon – where we develop fresh perceptions of our self – maybe a new identity, and the is accompanied by a feeling of new and increased energy, a new sense of purpose and the experience of a powerful self motivation that make the change begin to work

[4] Understanding the true nature and purpose of our struggles and suffering

Suffering and struggle are inbuilt into the way the universe runs.

However, through deep acceptance of what is being imposed upon us and by developing a quiet mind and thus allowing clarity to emerge we will – if we allow it – eventually and paradoxically find that the true nature and purpose of our struggles and suffering is constructive and transformative, it unmasks the true nature of "who we really are and why we are here" and it reveals a path to real and permanent personal change and transformation.

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Teacher Motivation – Who Teaches The Teachers?

In these days of budget cuts, classroom overcrowding, and compulsory high-stakes testing, teacher motivation is more and more difficult to sustain. Many teachers decry the lack of control they have over their classroom scheduling due to federally, state, or district-mandated programs. Not only is their classroom time rigidly controlled, it is also often very complex, with students being pulled out or sent in for enrichment or ability-grouped mini classes. Sadly, the lack of effective teacher motivation is a prime factor in experienced teachers looking for work in other fields. If your school wants to keep its teachers happy, here are a few ideas.

Of course, one of the biggest ways to show support or to motivate a teacher would be by paying him a salary commensurate with his worth. With so many budgets constricted at a district level, though, there is often little a principal or parents' group can do in this regard. What they can do is to make things easier on the teachers. If a support staff is truly supportive, they limit classroom interruptions, extracurricular requirements and faculty meetings and streamline procedures so that the teachers can concentrate on teaching.

Maintain a positive school environment for the adults as well as the children. Celebrate together when you can, but treat everyone on the staff as professionals in and out of school hours. Morale is crucial; Since teaching requires a great deal of "giving," a nurturing environment will help to replenish the teachers.

If you are in a position to do so, encourage teachers to get training to improve their skills. This applies to all walks of life of course; People like to feel that their employers invest in them as well as in their business.

Feedback is a vital part of teacher motivation. Everyone wants acknowledgment that they are doing a good job, and suggestions on how they can do even better. Thank your teachers sincerely when they have done something well – appreciation is the greatest gift of all.

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Sales Motivation Technique That Gets You Playing From a 10 in Just a Few Seconds

This sales motivation technique will put you in a positive mental state so that you can make the best possible use of the skills and techniques that you have. Whatever you call it: Playing from a 10, the Sales Buzz, Floating your boat, or being in the now, this self motivation technique will put you there.

One of the biggest challenges for sales people is how to get motivated before every sales appointment or cold call. We can all do it some of the time, but what about the first call of the day, or the last call in the evening. How do you get motivated after a really bad meeting with a prospect, or when you’re running late because the car let you down. Then there are the other areas of our lives that impact on our motivation state. Home life, family, relationships, and what about your boss, does he or she always leave you feeling great and ready to make a sale.

Use this sales motivation technique before every appointment and you will be ready to give it everything you’ve got, and be at your best from the first lines of your sales introduction. It works by focusing your mind on the connections between the different sales stages. You will be linking the words you will use in your introduction, with the questions you ask at the sales questioning stage, and the lines that will close the sale. While you are focusing on these connections, and building and re-enforcing mental pathways, you are blocking out negative thoughts, defeating self talk, and stopping those dark pictures. This puts you in the now, focused and motivated on using all your sales skills with the next prospect.

Start by thinking about a common need or desire that your next prospect might have. Define the need as if you were the prospect. Now select a feature that your product or service has that will meet that specific need or desire. The next step is to describe how that feature fulfills the need or desire. This is the benefit that your product feature gives to the buyer. The technique is called the Need-to-Close-Chain and you may be thinking it’s too easy, too simple, or that it doesn’t do anything for your motivation state. Stick with me, I’ve used this with my sales teams and believe me the effects are really worth the effort.

Now let’s speed it up. Pick a need, want, or desire your sales prospect may have. Describe it and move straight into selecting the feature that will meet the prospect’s requirements. Without any hesitation present the benefit, the way the feature actually gives the prospect what they want. Now try again and this time select a need that isn’t so easy. Define it out loud then go into a presentation of the feature and the benefit. Can you do it without hesitation, with a smooth flow from need to feature, then to the benefit?

As you try and complete the links of the chain faster, and focus on matching more difficult needs to features and benefits, you will find you focus more intensely. You start to block out external thoughts as you want to learn more about the connections. This narrowing of focus puts you in a selling state and heightens your motivation. Use the Need-to-Close-Chains for just a few minutes and this sales motivation technique will put you in a positive mental state so that you can make the best possible use of the skills and techniques that you have.

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3 Ways to Create a Motivational Collage

One powerful collage theme is motivation! But in order to create a motivational theme you first need to write down a goal. Start with a simple goal that relates to something personal that you are working to toward.

For example, I often have freshmen students in beginning art classes create a goal collage on their major. Where do they want to go? Where do they see their selves after graduation.

Consider the following 3 simple steps.

1. Sort and gather images that will motivate you to reach a goal. For example, if you are remodeling your house only gather those images that relate to that process. This would not be the collage that has images of your last birthday party.

2. Think possible not impossible

It is easy to get discouraged when doing your collage if you think about cost and other limitations. Stay focused on your dream. It can happen. That is why you are creating a collage with a goal in mind.

3. Have fun!

Think out of the box. Mix your images with powerful and inspiring words that will help you achieve your goals,

So write out your goals. Start searching for your images and get started.

If you need help doing goal setting I have a great coach for you.

Send an email to [email protected] She will work with you to create solid goal statements using the SMART method. That stands for specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and tangible.

And remember you can always contact me for any suggestions on your collage making process.

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